Artifacts: Global consciousness, social responsibility, and ethical awareness

Below are artifacts of works, from past work experience and college projects.

Coal Market Report

Class: Micro-Econ 263

Chase Clark, 04/04/2015

The Coal Market

The coal market has been struggling the past five years. Largely due to the substitution of one of the world’s dirtiest forms of energy. Political pressure and environmental concerns are causing many countries around the world to adopt new forms of energy. Renewables such as, wind power, solar and natural gas are some of the most relevant forces to cause coal prices to fall by 76% in the past five years.  But in America coal now struggles to compete with natural gas, which price has fallen by 80% since 2008. Causing many high-cost deep mines in America, 24 coal companies to go bust in the past three years. China, the world’s biggest coal consumer has also started using less coal, causing a dip of 1.6% in the global coal consumption in 2014. Despite China's economic growth of 7.3%, two big coal-fired plants in Beijing will be closing this week; the capital’s last one will shut down next year.

Coal is responsible for killing 800,000 people annually. Making it one of the world’s deadliest forms of energy. Many investors are dumping coal investments. The World Bank no longer invests in coal-fired plants, and last year one of Norway’s largest wealth funds dumped its holdings in more than 50 coal companies worldwide. South Korea recently introduced a carbon cap-and-trade scheme which punishes coal, in some emerging markets. However, India’s demand for coal is still set to continue rising. Economist and investors predict global demand for coal may not peak until at least the 2030s largely due to the demand for coal in emerging markets.

The demand and supply model illustrates this. The price of coal has drops due to countries substituting coal for other energy sources, causing a shift in the demand to the left. The demand of coal is impacted by the substitutes such as renewables. As substitutes become cheaper and more prevalent the demand for renewables increase. As prices in the market fall, coal firm profits will decline. If ATC drops lower the AVC then firms will go out of business and no longer be able to operate. As Profits in coal industry drop Firms will be face will the choice of leaving the market place or trying to cover the firms ATC in hopes that if enough firms fail then profits might return.

Opinion regarding the issue. I believe that this will be a positive thing in the long run as it encourage leaders around the world to develop new forms of energy.It also will have a positive effect on the world’s environment, giving everyone a better world to live in. It’s unreasonable for humans to use dirty forms of energy when renewable sources continue to improve.


Music of the Inuit


Chase Clark & Rachel Darata  


Inuit people

The Inuit people live in the northern reaches of North America from Alaska to Greenland. Inuits are often known as Eskimos, an Algonquin word meaning ‘eater of raw flesh’. Natives of the North American arctic reasonably consider being called Eskimos offensive, and prefer Inuit, ‘the people’ in the Inuktituk language.  Historically the Inuits’ culture relied heavily on the hunting of arctic animals as their primary source of food and clothing suited for the harsh environment. The basic social structure of the Inuit people was a decentralized tribal organization of close knit family structures with leaders emerging for events such as whaling expeditions or trading opportunities. Women were left to cook, make clothing from animal skins, and raise children, while the men hunted and fished.

Traditional Inuit Instruments

Qilaut - Hoop drum beaten with a Qatuk mallet

Agiarut/Tautirut - “Eskimo Fiddle”, a spruce or birch resonator with sinew strings and a whalebone bow rosined with spruce sap. Debated whether or not it is indigenous.

Drum Songs

In a land where the sun does not rise for half the year, great investment is made in filling the darkness with life and sound. The Inuit culture has songs for many aspects of life: feasting, hunting, story-telling, sarcasm, entertainment, weather, dancing, healing, scorn, and religious rituals. Many songs are accompanied by large hoop drums. Hoop drums are made of a wooden ring and handle which is covered by skin or cloth cinched down with string that lies in a groove on the ring. The drum is struck with a mallet not on the drumhead, but on the rim. Sometimes drumming is accompanied by dancing, rather than singing, in drumdances.

A video of hoop drumming can be found here:


Inuit throat-singing is performed by two people facing towards one another. Traditionally the art of Inuit throat-singing was only done by women while the men were away hunting, but recently men have started practicing the traditional singing style. The singers synchronize their breathing to create vocal grunts and whooping sounds. The sounds can range from simple to complex, filling the air with a wide range of music pitches and sounds. Often Inuit throat-singers imitate natural sounds, from barking dogs to the sound of crowing ravens, natural sounds of wind and sea, even the northern lights. Inuit throat-singing culturally isn’t considered true singing but a vocal game; an aural staring contest used to pass spare time. Players sing repetitive sounds, one attempting to copy the other seamlessly as they change pattern and tone without warning. The face to face duel continues until one of the singers gives up in a giggling fit.  A sampling of traditional throat-singing can be found here: .

Throat-singing may originally have been connected to the shamanism religion of the Inuit, evoking fertility or good fortune for hunters. The sounds of nature may have appealed to the spirits of animals or elements to shape events in the favor of the village men on sealing trips. When the Inuit culture was brought into contact with Christianized western cultures, throat-singing was condemned as pagan and suppressed for generations, re-emerging only recently.

Contemporary Music

Inuit today enjoy much the same music as other North Americans, including rock, country, jazz, bluegrass, and gospel music. They also have a penchant for square dancing and can dance for an hour straight. This dancing is often accompanied by accordion or fiddle players. The fiddle entered the Inuit repertoire by way of sailors whaling off the Canadian coast and instruments were passed down through generations.


These two pieces are quite different when it comes to the topic, but I chose them because they both demonstrate a global awareness. The coal market report symbolizes my attitude towards technology and business. I believe that businesses should be built sustainably and  improve the lives of others. The Music of the Inuit report was completed during my early years at Westminster College when I learned about the Inuit people and gained a greater respect for customs.  It is important to honor cultural traditions and diversity of thoughts and ideologies around the world.